Mouth Cancer

19 April, 2023

Buccal mucosa is also known as oral cancer, which affects the inner lining of the cheeks, gums, and lips. This type of cancer is usually seen in people aged 50 or above. If it is not detected and treated early, it can lead to death. 

Unfortunately, people do not want to hear or learn about the word cancer and that’s the reason why most of them are still unaware of the signs and symptoms of buccal mucosa cancer. These symptoms are then diagnosed at a later stage, making them more difficult to treat. 

There are several risk factors, like unhealthy eating habits or lifestyle leading to uncontrollable growth of cells. To understand this in detail, let’s read more about buccal mucosa cancer.

What Is Buccal Mucosa Cancer?

It is cancer that occurs on the lining of the cheeks, lips, and tongue. It is also known as squamous cell carcinoma, which is like mucus or layers of the cell, which initially starts from the inside layer of lips and spreads till the end of teeth. 


  • Tobacco is the major cause of any type of cancer, whether it’s smoking, chewing, or smelling. The chemicals in tobacco damage the DNA and multiply the growth of abnormal cells, which can lead to buccal mucosa cancer or cancer of any type. 
  • Alcohol increases the risk of buccal Mucosa cancer, especially when you suffering from oral disease or infection
  • Consumption of betel nuts with tobacco increases the risk of cancer. Though it’s a favourite in most Asian countries, it’s still recommended to avoid it. 
  • High UV rays are said to be harmful and can lead to buccal mucosa cancer on lips and the entire mouth. 
  • Age could be the cause of oral cancer, but if a healthy lifestyle is maintained, this cancer can be avoided.  However, people over 50 have a high chance of developing this cancer. 
  • Poor oral hygiene, like not brushing or flossing can develop harmful bacteria in your mouth.  


Early detection is the key to better treatment with more success chances. Therefore, having a diagnosis is important to identify the problem and find solutions.

  • Oral Inspection- The doctor will examine the mouth and throat for lumps, bumps or sores.
  • Biopsy- It helps determine if the infected area is cancerous or not.  A small sample is collected from the infected area and tested under the microscope. 
  • Imaging- Tests like CT scans and X-rays will help scan the entire mouth giving a complete image of the mouth and throat. Doctors use this to determine the severity of cancer. 
  • Endoscopy- The process involves inserting a thin tube inside the mouth with a camera at one end to have a visual of the affected area. The samples are collected and checked for the presence of cancer.


Here’s a list of treatments available for buccal mucosa cancer:

  • Surgery 

It is used when the cancer is at its initial stage. The method involves removing the cancerous tissues from the affected area using surgery. 

  • Radiation Therapy 

The method involves killing cancer cells using a high beam of radiation. Usually, it is used for the advanced cancer stage or after surgery to completely kill the cancer cells. 

  • Chemotherapy 

It is used when buccal mucosa cancer has spread to other parts of the body. During chemotherapy, doses of medicine are used for a specific period to kill cancer cells.

  • Immunotherapy 

In this treatment, the body’s immune system is used to fight cancer cells. Doses of medicine are given to increase the body’s immunity to fight cancer cells. This method is used when other therapies are not working. 

Palliative Care

This method is used to provide relief from cancer pain and symptoms by improving the quality of life for people suffering from cancer by providing them with emotional support, lifestyle classes and medical support to reduce symptoms. 


Detecting cancer at an early stage and getting the treatment done on time can help you lead a long and healthy life. Now that you have a comprehensive guide to buccal mucosa cancer treatment, its risk factors and diagnosis, we are sure you know how important it is to take care of your oral health. So, if you or anyone you know is facing such a problem, help them stay informed with this information. Life is precious and an early step can save a life. Instead of ignoring or getting scared, read and understand the symptoms to ensure early detection and get treated. 

Related Articles


Mouth Cancer


Mouth Cancer


Mouth Cancer

Opportunity to Help


As a society, RGCIRC is looking forward to get support from generous people

Read More

It is a fact that there are absolutely no substitutes to replace human bloo...

Read More

Volunteers play an important role in today’s hospitals. They help the hos...

Read More

Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre is today counted amongst Asia’s premier exclusive cancer centres that offer unique advantage of cutting edge technology, put to use by renowned super specialists. This potent combination of man and machine ensures world-class cancer care to not only patients from India, but also from the neighboring SAARC countries and others.

Sir Chotu Ram Marg, Sector - 5, Rohini Industrial Area, Rohini, New Delhi - 110085, India | +91-11-47022222
OPD Timings: 09:00 am to 05:00 pm (All weekdays except Sunday and Holiday)
Emergency Services: 24x7 All weekdays

Squadron Leader Mahendra Kumar Jain Marg, Block K, Niti Bagh, New Delhi - 110049 | +91-11-45822222
OPD Timings: 09:00 am to 05:00 pm (All Weekdays except Sunday and Holiday)
Emergency Services: 24x7 All Weekdays

Subscribe Today For Our Healthy Tips Newsletter