Colorectal Cancer

5 May, 2022

Cancer is a deadly disease that can affect anyone at any stage of life. It is a disease that is characterised by the uncontrolled growth of cells in the body. It can develop in any part of the body and can be fatal if not detected and treated early.

There are many different types of cancer, each with its own set of symptoms. However, not everyone is familiar with cancer symptoms, which can make it difficult to detect the disease in its early stages. That’s why it’s so important to educate yourself about the different signs and symptoms of cancer and see a doctor if you notice anything out of the ordinary. 

Early detection is key to successful treatment, so don’t hesitate to get medical help if you have any concerns. In this blog, we will be talking about colorectal cancer in brief and ways to spot its symptoms, and different colorectal cancer treatments.

What Is Colorectal Cancer?

Colorectal cancer is one of the most common and deadly cancers in the world that affects older people. It begins in the colon and rectal or digestive tract and can spread to other parts of the body, including the liver and lungs. 

Early detection and treatment are critical to survival, but colorectal cancer can be difficult to detect in its early stages. Symptoms may not appear until the cancer has progressed to a more advanced stage. That’s why it’s important to get screened for colorectal cancer, especially if you’re over the age of 50 or have a family history of the disease. 

There are several screening tests available, including colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, and stool tests. Talk to your doctor about which screening test is right for you.

Common Types of Colorectal Cancer

There are different types of colorectal cancers, but the most common ones are adenocarcinoma and gastrointestinal cancer. 

  • Adenocarcinoma 

This cancer affects the lining of the colon and the end of the rectum. It is usually difficult to detect until visible systems. 

  • Gastrointestinal 

This type of cancer affects the neuroendocrine cells. Later, it spreads to the digestive tract, appendix, and lungs. Usually, they are slow in growth, so detecting their symptoms can be tough. 

Early Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer

It is important to learn the symptoms of colorectal cancer. The earlier you catch it, the easier it is to treat and cure. If you think you may have this possibly fatal disease, it is important to consult your doctor. But, before that, learn about these early symptoms:

  • If a person is experiencing a sudden change in bowel habits, it could be a sign of colorectal cancer. Having diarrhoea three times or more a week or passing blood with stools can be signs of colorectal cancer. 
  • Unintended weight loss, lack of appetite, nausea, or loss of taste also indicate colorectal cancer.
  • We all know that bloating and feeling full are signs of indigestion, but they can be signs of colorectal cancer as well. 
  • Rectal bleeding is the most common symptom of colorectal cancer. 
  • Sudden and frequent cramps in your abdominal area could also point at colorectal cancer.


Colorectal cancer treatment depends on the characteristics of the cancer cells and the stage of cancer progression. 

The treatment for colorectal cancer is a series of chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery. Chemotherapy is given in pill form, as an injection, or through a vein. Usually, chemo is performed in cycles, meaning you will receive it for a while, then rest, and continue with the cycle. This can be done for several cycles. Following that, most people also receive radiation therapy, typically over a few weeks. Surgery is reserved for people who have not responded to other treatment methods. There is always a risk of cancer coming back; however, these treatments are most effective. 

Factors That Increase The Risk of Colorectal Cancer

  • Age
  • Family history and genes
  • Weak digestive system 
  • Inactive lifestyle 
  • Obesity & diabetes 
  • Alcohol 
  • Excessive smoking 

Here are some preventable factors, which decrease the risk of colorectal cancer:

  • Add lots of green vegetables and fresh fruits to your diet
  • Exercise regularly
  • Maintain constant weight
  • Practice yoga, especially breathing exercises.

The only treatment is through medication, but the above methods will reduce the chances of colorectal cancer.

That was all about colorectal cancer. We hope you have found this information helpful in understanding all that you need to know about colorectal cancer, its early symptoms, treatments, and lifestyle changes. Though colorectal cancer surgery is important, spotting its symptoms at an early stage is necessary.

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