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Brain Tumor Surgery

A brain tumour is the abnormal growth of cells within your brain. There are many different kinds of brain tumours – some are benign or non-cancerous while others are malignant or cancerous.

Besides growing inside your brain, tumours can also start to grow in other body parts and then spread to your brain – this is known as a metastatic or secondary brain tumour. How rapidly a brain tumour grows usually depends on the location and growth rate of the cells. It also determines how a brain tumour will affect the functioning of your nervous system.

RGCIRC is one of the best hospitals in Delhi offering successful brain tumour treatment options, depending on its size or location. However, you need to know about the types, causes and symptoms of brain tumours to get it diagnosed at an early stage.

 

Types of brain tumours

Primary brain tumours:

These types of brain tumours originate in your brain. They can develop from nerve cells, brain cells, membranes or meninges surrounding the brain or nervous glands.

Primary tumours can be both benign and malignant. The most common types of brain tumours in adults are gliomas and meningiomas.

Gliomas develop from glial cells. The tumours begin in glial cells are:

  • Astrocytic tumours that originate in brain’s cerebrum
  • Oligodendroglial tumours that start at frontal temporal lobes
  • Glioblastomas that begin, originate within the supportive brain tissue

Meningiomas develop in the meninges. This type of tumour occurs in individuals of ages between 40 and 70.

Secondary Brain Tumours

They begin in one body part and then metastasize or spread to your brain. The following types of cancers may metastasize to the brain:

  • Skin cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Lung cancer
  • Kidney cancer

Risk Factors for Brain Tumour:

  • Family history: Just 5 to 10% of cancers are hereditary or inherited genetically. However, it is rare for tumours to be inherited genetically. You need to consult your doctor for genetic counselling.
  • Age: The risk of developing a brain tumour increases as you age.
  • Race: Brain tumours are more common among African-Americans and Caucasians, though there is no specific explanation for this reason.
  • Chemical exposure: Occupational exposure to certain chemicals may increase the risk of developing brain tumours.
  • Exposure to radiation: People who were exposed to radiation therapy for treating any other cancer condition are at higher risk of developing brain tumour at a later stage of their life.

Diagnosis:

For diagnosing brain tumours, your doctor first obtains your family and personal medical history. After that, a physical examination is performed with a neurological examination for checking your memory and mental status, muscle strength, reflexes, cranial nerve and response to pain.

Additional tests include:

  • Audiometry – It is a hearing test for detecting any hearing loss due to tumours.
  • An endocrine evaluation is done for measuring your hormonal levels in blood and urine to see any abnormality in pituitary tumours.
  • A visual acuity test is done for detecting any vision loss or any missing areas in the field of your view.
  • A lumbar puncture can also be performed for checking the cerebrospinal fluid for proteins, tumour cells, blood and infection.

Treatment Options in Delhi, India

  1. Surgery:

The brain tumour can be removed partially or entirely with surgery; however, it depends on the size, location and risk involved in removing the tumour. Awake craniotomy is an advanced surgical treatment that is considered when the patient is conscious. This is done for reducing the risk of any neurological damage if the tumour is present in any critical part of the brain.

Types of Surgeries:

The very common types of surgeries for treating brain tumours are:

  • Biopsy
  • Neuroendoscopy
  • Craniotomy
  • Extended bifrontal craniotomy
  • MRI-guided laser ablation
  • Supra-orbital craniotomy
  • Retro-sigmoid craniotomy
  • Endonasal endoscopy
  • Translabyrinthine craniotomy
  • Orbitozygomatic craniotomy

 

  1. Radiation therapy: In this treatment procedure, high-energy beams like x-rays are passed through the body for destroying tumours. The radiation therapy can be external or internal.
  1. Radiosurgery: It is another good way of treating brain tumours. In this treatment, the multiple precision radiations are concentrated on a specific area of the tumour cells for shrinking it and stopping its growth. Radiosurgery is painless and non-invasive. It is generally an outpatient procedure.
  1. Chemotherapy: The drugs are administered to the patient’s body intravenously or in the form of pills for destroying brain tumour cells.
  1. Targeted drug therapy: In this procedure, the drugs are focused on particular abnormalities within the tumour cells for destroying the complete cell.

RGCIRC is among the top hospitals offering brain tumour treatment in Delhi, India. They work with a multidisciplinary medical team of specialists, including neurologists, neurosurgeons, medical oncologists, dieticians, radiation oncologists, nurses, psychologists and physical therapists, for effective treatment.

Know more about Brain Tumour Signs, Symptoms and Causes

Our Locations
  • Sir Chotu Ram Marg, Sector – 5, Rohini Institutional Area, Rohini, New Delhi, Delhi – 110085, India

    +91-11-47022222 | Fax +91 11 27051037

  • Squadron Leader Mahender Kumar Jain Marg, Block K, Niti Bagh, New Delhi, Delhi 110049

    +91-11-45822222 / +91-11-45822200

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