Cervical cancer is a medical condition exclusive to females. Typical of all cancers, cervical cancer is also caused by excessive growth of cells either on the cervix camera or in any remote organ. Though the rate of cervical cancer cases has steadily gone down due to easy access to screening and vaccines, it still takes a significant toll on lives in developing countries, including India. The majority of cervical cancers are caused when a female comes in sexual contact or skin to skin contact with someone infected by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). The other risk factors include multiple sexual partners, prolonged use of birth control pills and smoking.
Over 100 types of HPVs are known to us but only select types are associated with cancers while the rest leads to the formation of non-malignant warts on the skin or genitals. In addition to cervical cancer, the cancerous HPVs can also lead to cancers of the penis in men, along with cancers of the anus, mouth and throat in both genders. The symptoms of cervical cancer include unexplained vaginal bleeding, abnormal vaginal discharge and prolonged bleeding in the post-menopause scenario, together with constant pain during intercourse, excessive discharge and pain in the pelvic region. As cervical cancer treatment gives better patient outcomes if detected early, you need medical help when any of the symptoms persist for a prolonged period.
At Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre, one of the best cervical cancer treatment centres in Delhi, India, we continue to provide Gynae Oncology services with complete commitment and compassion to anyone presenting with gynecological cancer or pre-cancer. We are well-served by a team of seasoned and qualified Gynecologic Oncologists that puts the best foot forward to manage cancers in proficient and scientifically proven ways. Our experts stay at the top of the latest breakthroughs in Gynae oncology and implement the relevant ones for better patient outcomes. We stand by the patient right through the journey, providing consultations, screenings, clinical staging and treatments as per the disease status.
We bring forth a range of OPD services for accurate diagnosis and treatment for cervical cancer. Our frequently requested OPD services may include PAP smear, HPV testing, including high-risk mRNA E6, E7, Colposcopy and directed biopsies and Endometrial aspiration, along with Antiseptic dressings, catheter and stoma care. Cervical biopsies and smears like vault smear and vulvar smear are also readily available. The disease is clinically staged and triaged to determine the further course of action. Since we use technology and human competence across all OPD services, patients can anticipate accurate screening outcomes at all times.
We are up for minor and major incision based modalities when it comes to the treatment for cervical cancer. Our Minor OT procedures include Biopsies like vulvar biopsy, cervical biopsy and vaginal wall biopsy, resuturing and antiseptic dressing for all reconstructive surgeries, along with Cryocautery and electrocautery for pre-invasive cervical lesions (CIN I, CIN II) or persistent cervical erosions. Moreover, we have state of the art operation suites for all major Gynae oncological surgeries, such as Open Surgeries, Laparoscopic Surgeries and Robotic Surgeries.
Given below are the most common types of cervical cancer symptoms:
Many initial symptoms may coincide with other reproductive conditions, making it harder to spot the issue early on. Read more
Following are the most common risk factors associated with cervical cancer:
If there is suspicion of cervical cancer, the doctor will suggest you the examination of cervix with the help of special magnifying instrument called colposcope. The procedure is called colposcopy for checking abnormal cell growth in the area.
In this procedure, doctor will take a sample of cervical cells for biopsy or laboratory testing.
To obtain the tissue, the doctor can make use of:
In case the punch biopsy or endocervical curettage seems to be worrisome, the physician is likely to perform the following tests:
Some common types of treatment options involve Surgery, Radiation Therapy, Chemotherapy and Targeted Therapy.
Different types of doctors are involved in treating this condition: