Reconstructive Services


Reconstructive surgery is a sub specialty of Plastic surgery and is often regarded as an art of replacing what is ‘lost’. It deals with restoring the form, contour and most importantly function of the part of body that is removed as a part of oncosurgical resection. Most Patients requiring reconstructive services are of Head and Neck cancer and Breast cancer. Unlike most other cancers impact of the surgical management of the head and neck cancers is immediately noticeable in social settings. Moreover the patient suffers from facial disfigurement, altered speech, salivation, inability to swallow and deviation of airway.

All these mutilating surgeries leave a psychological impact on these patients. Their quality of life is impaired. They are depressed. Removal of breast for cancer is also known to be associated with major depression amongst women. But now it is proven that with the help of plastic and reconstructive surgery, especially micro-vascular reconstructive surgery quality of life of the patients can be improved. We can provide good functional and cosmetic result in most of the patient with the disease. They can lead normal life with little or no limitations.

What is Reconstructive Surgery?

Reconstructive surgery often uses tissue from one area of body to repair another area. Reconstructive surgeons repair and restore physical appearance that could be external or internal. Surgeons may insert implants, graft an area, transplant tissues for ushering a new lease of life.

Reconstructive Surgery after Resection of Cancer Includes:


Reconstruction of head & neck defects


Reconstruction of breast –augmentation or reduction.


Reconstruction of soft tissues ,bones of different parts of body.


Reconstruction of bladder, bowel


Some of the cosmetic surgeries

Screening and Diagnosis of Reconstructive Surgery

Type of reconstruction depends on the defect created by removal of cancer. Choice of reconstruction depends on area to be repaired, condition of donor area and comorbidities. Always assess:

Treatment of Reconstructive Surgery

Breast cancer surgery

Several techniques are used for reshaping the breast and achieving symmetry. Breast implants, revision of scars , reduction of size of breast etc are some of the procedures for desired outcome. Reconstructive surgeon should consider size and location of cancer, availability of tissue and size of other breast.

Breast Implants

Breast implantation is usually done as two stage procedure. In first stage tissue expander is put and implant is inserted later after few months.

Tissue Reconstruction

autologous tissue is taken from your own body and pedicled or free placed in recipient area. Nipple areola can also be reconstructed.

Reconstruction after Head and Neck cancer treatment

It includes primary closure by moving the sides of affected areas or transferring tissues from another region for repair. In certain situations bones, muscles, skin along with arteries and veins are transferred to remote area of the body (Free Flap).

Reconstruction after Bladder cancer treatment

A neobladder is reconstructed by using part of intestine. It is done after removing urinary bladder or cystectomy in patients diagnosed with bladder cancer. Neobladder function like original urinary bladder by storing urine without any external bags or devices.

Bone reconstructions

sarcomas of long bones (Osteosarcoma) are treated with chemotherapy first and then limb saving surgery is done. Joints and bones can be replaced with modular prosthesis. Person with replaced bone or prosthesis can walk, sit and climb stairs.

Soft tissue repair

Defects of large areas of skin, underlying tissues and muscles can be repaired by transferring tissues from remote areas of the bodies

How is RGCI Different

With the team efforts of Plastic surgeons, Oncosurgeons, Anaesthetists & dedicated Nursing staff, RGCI&RC is emerging as biggest centre for Cancer Reconstruction especially micro-vascular reconstruction in northern part of India.We have performed more than 4000 cases of cancer reconstruction with good functional and cosmetic results in last 6 years.

We are preserving a lot of limbs in limb salvage surgeries for bone tumors. Reconstruction of soft tissue defect is also required after removal of large muscle or skin tumors by orthopaedic surgeon. We are also working to reduce the problem of lymphedema (swelling of arms and legs) both surgical and non surgical, after breast cancer and groin surgery.


Risk Factors of Reconstructive Surgery

Any surgery especially reconstructive surgery will carry high risk of complications or flap failure in presence of following factors

Prevention & Cure of Reconstructive Surgeries

Aim is to inform the patients about preventing bad reconstructive surgery. Reconstruction is unavoidable but bad reconstruction can be averted if proper precautions are taken.

DO’s after Surgery

DON'Ts after Surgery

If you follow simple do’s and don’t’s, you can avoid turning a simple surgical procedure into major medical crisis.

Clinical Service

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Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre is today counted amongst Asia’s premier exclusive cancer centres that offer unique advantage of cutting edge technology, put to use by renowned super specialists. This potent combination of man and machine ensures world-class cancer care to not only patients from India, but also from the neighboring SAARC countries and others.

Sir Chotu Ram Marg, Sector - 5, Rohini Industrial Area, Rohini, New Delhi - 110085, India | +91-11-47022222
OPD Timings: 09:00 am to 05:00 pm (All weekdays except Sunday and Holiday)
Emergency Services: 24x7 All weekdays

Squadron Leader Mahendra Kumar Jain Marg, Block K, Niti Bagh, New Delhi - 110049 | +91-11-45822222
OPD Timings: 09:00 am to 05:00 pm (All Weekdays except Sunday and Holiday)
Emergency Services: 24x7 All Weekdays

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