Thoracic Oncology Services


Welcome to the specialty of Thoracic Surgery also called Chest Surgery. We focus on organs of the chest / lung, including the mediastinum, esophagus (tube between mouth and stomach), the trachea (airway) and the chest wall (rib cage and breastbone).

The department works in close coordination with Medical and Radiation oncologists to provide personalized care of thoracic diseases.


The department continuously thrives to provide safe and patient friendly surgery by adopting Minimally invasive surgery using VATS/Thoracoscopy and Robotic surgery.

The Thoracic tumor board meeting helps us provide multidisciplinary approach to thoracic cancer patients and improve their outcomes for survival.

What is Thoracic Cancer ?

Cancers occurring in chest cavity including lung, thymic, oesophageal and tracheal cancers. Tumors affecting chest wall and diaphragm are also included in thoracic tumors.

Thoracic Cancer Includes:


Lung Cancer


Mediastinum [ thymus, germ cell tumor, Neuroendocrine tumor]


Esophagus [food pipe]


Trachea( wind pipe)


Ribs and chest wall.


Sternum [breast bone]



Signs and Symptoms of Thoracic Cancer

Symptoms depend on the site and organ of origin. In early stages most cancers are asymptomatic. Symptoms could be

These symptoms are common in other benign conditions also. Such symptoms does not always mean cancer.

Screening and Diagnosis of Thoracic Cancer

Most of the chest disease are detected during imaging (CXR, CT scan) for chest symptoms or incidentally during routine checkup.
The confirmation of cancer and staging of cancer is critical to starting treatment. Following diagnostic procedure are available under one roof:(Xray chest is basic investigation)

Lung Cancer Screening Program

Early detection of lung cancer using LDCT [Low dose CT chest] has shown to save lives in up to 20 to 26% of screened population.

Eligibility for LDCT Chest screening at RGCIRC

Treatment of Thoracic Cancer

Treatment depends on origin of cancer, biopsy report and stage of disease. Now a days lung cancer is being treated with targeted therapy and immunotherapy. Oesophagus cancers are treated with chemoradiation followed by surgery. Lung Cancer can be treated in different ways based on the his histological and molecular types. Unfortunately  90% of lung cancer are detected in advanced stages.


It is the operation where the surgeon will take out the cancer tissues and remove it. It gives best results in early stage NSCLC.


Chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment in small cell lung cancer and advanced non small cell lung cancer.

Targeted therapy:

The drugs are generally in the form of pills. Targeted Therapy will depend on molecular studies/NGS etc. Now a days lung cancer treatment is personalized and lung cancer is becoming a Chronic disease.

Radiation therapy:

Radiotherapy is useful in early lung cancer patient who is medically unfit. It may be used also for bony metastasis ,Brain metastasis. Here, Doctors from different specializations work together to treat lung cancer. One who is expert in treating lung cancer is called pulmonologists, and another specialist like a thoracic surgeon with the specialization for chest surgery also analyzes the patients for the right treatment. RGCIRC has team of medical thoracic oncologists, thoracic surgeons, thoracic radiation oncologists and pulmonologists. We have thoracic tumor boards on every Thursday.

So choose the right doctor, right institution where all facilities exist under one roof.


Optimal approach using minimally invasive technique.

Commonly Performed Procedures

How is RGCI Different

Thoracic Multispecialty Tumor Board

Thoracic cancer patients are evaluated by a specialist team of Thoracic surgeon, Medical Oncologists, Radiation Oncologists, pathologists and Imaging Specialists. Depending on the general condition of the patient and the staging and pathology of cancer a treatment plan is worked out as per accepted International Treatment Guidelines. (NCCN – National Comprehensive Cancer Network)

Thoracic Cancer : Risk Factors


Exposure to radiation & radioactive materials

Workplace exposure-Asbestos

Exposure to other carcinogens-Arsenic,Cadmium,coal, silica,diesel fumes, air pollution

Family history of cancer

Alcohol consumption.

Carbonated soft drinks

Low intake of fresh fruits and vegetables.


Gastro esophageal reflux disease

Thoracic Cancer : Prevention

Unavoidable risk factors

Family history

Ground radiation

Air pollution

Unavoidable risk factors

Not smoking, no alcohol

Using proper protective equipments

Reduce your exposure to carcinogens

Maintain overall good health

Body weight, watch your diet

Get yourself treated for reflux oesophagitis

Regular screening

DO’s after Surgery

DON'Ts after Surgery

Clinical Service

Opportunity to Help


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Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre is today counted amongst Asia’s premier exclusive cancer centres that offer unique advantage of cutting edge technology, put to use by renowned super specialists. This potent combination of man and machine ensures world-class cancer care to not only patients from India, but also from the neighboring SAARC countries and others.

Sir Chotu Ram Marg, Sector - 5, Rohini Industrial Area, Rohini, New Delhi - 110085, India | +91-11-47022222
OPD Timings: 09:00 am to 05:00 pm (All weekdays except Sunday and Holiday)
Emergency Services: 24x7 All weekdays

Squadron Leader Mahendra Kumar Jain Marg, Block K, Niti Bagh, New Delhi - 110049 | +91-11-45822222
OPD Timings: 09:00 am to 05:00 pm (All Weekdays except Sunday and Holiday)
Emergency Services: 24x7 All Weekdays

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