Colorectal cancer treatment in India
A cancer care unit works as a team consisting of doctors specialized in different fields. They all work together to chart out the cancer patient’s entire treatment plan while trying to provide the best facilities. This unit is known as the multidisciplinary team. After knowing the stage and type of cancer, assumed side-effects of the drugs and medicines, age and the victim’s overall preferences and health condition, the doctor panel makes an informed decision regarding the line of treatment. The patient’s nutrition care and support from the family should also be taken into consideration. Researches have proved that different treatment approaches have similar outcomes irrespective of the age of the patient. But the elderly may face complex challenges due to their age and weak immunity power. Talk to your doctor about things you are not sure about, or you are curious to know before settling for Colorectal cancer treatment.
Types of colorectal cancer:
- Though Adenocarcinomas in rectum and colon sums up to be the significant portion of colorectal cancer, there are few less common but very complex types of this disease. In the word adenocarcinomas, “Adeno” is the prefix, which means glands and the type of cancer that grows in the epithelial cells is known as “Carcinomas.” Most of the time, it starts in the inner lining while spreading to other layers.
- A less known type of this disease is Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors in which cancer develops in the neuroendocrine cell. This cell regulates the production of hormones. This cancer grows very slowly and generally accumulates in the gastrointestinal tract or the lungs.
- Primary colorectal lymphoma is a cancer type that develops in the cell known as lymphocytes, and this helps the body in fighting infections. More common in men, this disease sums up to 0.5 percent of colorectal cancer.
- Leiomyosarcomas is a form of sarcoma which means “Cancer of the smooth muscles.” It is a rare type of cancer that damages all the three layers of the colon and rectum, which works together to throw waste through the digestive tracks. This type holds just 0.1 percent of all colorectal cancer cases.
- Gastrointestinal stromal tumors develop in the particular cell of the gastrointestinal tract. Almost 50 percent of GIST grows in the stomach, especially in the intestine and rectum. Through it attacks the connective tissue first but soon spreads to the nerves, bones, and cartilages.
- While the Mucinous adenocarcinomas account for 60 percent of the disease where the mucus spreads the cancer cells more aggressively, Signet ring cell adenocarcinoma holds less than one percent of the disease. Extremely fast-spreading and with multiple problems, the treatment for this is difficult and painful, including a long process.
Colorectal Cancer: Types of Treatment
A renowned cancer treatment hospital will offer the following types of treatment for colorectal cancer –
- Surgery is the most preferred treatment for colorectal cancer where the tumour and its surrounding tissues are surgically removed. Surgeons could also choose laparoscopic surgery as it is a less risky process and the recovery time for the same is also short.
- The second most preferred form of treatment for colorectal cancer is colostomy. Here the affected parts of the colon are removed completely. Then the colon and the abdominal surface are connected. This is done with an opening made during surgery. The waste products will accumulate in a pouch that the patient would wear temporarily in a bid to give his/her rectum the time it needs to heal.
- Radiofrequency Ablation (or RFA) is yet another form of treatment for this cancer type where the tumours are heated using radiofrequency waves, in a bid to arrest them from spreading to other vital organs in the patient’s body.
- Radiation therapy is another form of treatment for colorectal cancer where the tumours are subjected to high-intensity X-rays in a bid to destroy them and the cells in the region thus keeping them from dividing again. There are some mild side effects associated with this treatment. The patient should consult with the doctor for more details.
Treatment options for colorectal cancer:
- The most used and effective means of Colorectal cancer treatment is a surgery where the tumor and some tissues surrounding the affected area is removed through an operation. It is commonly known as surgical resection. General surgeons and specialists usually do the surgery, but some patient parties may also consider trained and experienced personalities in colorectal surgery.
- There are other options as well, like Laparoscopic surgery. It’s a process in which the patient is given anesthesia, and viewing scopes are made to pass through the abdomen. With shorter recovery time, this is a conventional and effective treatment to remove cancer.
- With the advancement in medical science, Colostomy is another fruitful treatment where the colon and the abdominal surface are connected with an opening through surgery. The entire waste is accumulated in a pouch that the patient wears. It can be both temporary and permanent while it let the rectum to heal.
- Cryoablation or Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) is a process to heat the tumors through radiofrequency waves or freeze cancer. The cancer cells often spread very fast in organs like the liver or lungs, and this process can be followed then. But all lung or liver tumors can not be treated through this approach since there is an equal chance for the tumor to get removed or might be left behind.
Apart from all these treatments, you can also opt for radiation therapy, Chemotherapy, and procedures through medication. Radiation therapy works to cure tumors by giving X-rays of high energy and power as the tumor can reoccur in the position where it first developed. There are few side effects to therapy like mild skin allergies or upset stomach, but they disappear in some time. Consult your doctor, understand, and then fix your line of treatment.
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