Chemotherapy is the treatment of cancer with one or more cytotoxic anti-neoplastic drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized regimen. Chemotherapy may be given with a curative intent or it may aim to prolong life or palliate symptoms. It is often used in conjunction with other cancer treatments, such as radiation therapy, surgery, and/or hyperthermia therapy.
By medical oncology, we mean treatment of cancer with the help of Chemotherapeutic drugs. Chemotherapy reaffirms the efficacy of the surgery if the cancer is detected in its early stage. Chemotherapy improves the quality of life and prolongs survival in advanced stage or end-stage cancers. In conditions like Lymphoma, Leukemia and Germ Cell tumors, chemotherapy plays a curative role.
Traditional chemotherapeutic agents act by killing cells that divide rapidly, one of the chief properties of most cancer cells. This means that chemotherapy also harms cells that divide rapidly under normal circumstances i.e. cells in the bone marrow, digestive tract, and hair follicles.
Chemotherapy may use one drug at a time (single-agent chemotherapy) or several drugs at once (combination chemotherapy or polychemotherapy). The combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy is chemo-radiotherapy.
How Chemotherapy Can Help You?
Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment that targets the specific molecules in cancer cells. These therapies have less side effects, and available in oral form for many cancers.
Side Effects of Chemotherapy
Because chemotherapy drugs often can’t distinguish between rapidly dividing cancer cells and rapidly dividing healthy cells, they may cause side effects at the same time that they’re fighting your cancer. For example, some people may experience one or more of the following:
Other Side Effects:
For many people, side effects from chemotherapy lessen or go away completely after chemotherapy is stopped. Because everyone is different, it’s hard to know what your particular experience will be like. Your reaction to chemotherapy will vary depending on the drug, the dose, the combination, and the schedule in which it’s given. For these and other reasons, it’s important to tell us about how you’re doing along the way.
Maintaining your quality of life is one of our priorities. Your cancer care team will review the side effects you may experience from your specific treatment regimen in advance and give you strategies to minimize or manage these symptoms. During treatment, we’ll watch carefully for your reaction to the drugs and adjust the drug or dosage as necessary. We’ll also continue to monitor you for possible long-term effects after your treatment ends
Facilities at RGCIRC
Patient & Family
with an expert