Chemotherapy is the treatment of disease by the use of chemical substances, especially the treatment of cancer by cytotoxic and other drugs. Chemotherapy nurses care for these patients and administer the prescribed chemotherapy drugs, as well as pre- and post-treatment patient care. They continuously monitor the patients during whole process.
Chemotherapy nurses know what lab results to look for that are significant for the drugs being given. They are knowledgeable in oncology/hematology diseases and in the hundreds of regimens employed to treat these diseases. They know how to safely administer these drugs, and what the potential infusion reactions and side effects might be. Chemotherapy nurses are trained to calculate drug dosing, infusion rates, the ANC, IVIG dosing, and so on.
Roles of Chemotherapy Nurses includes:-
In addition to general nursing care, responsibilities of Chemotherapy Nurses include (but are not limited to):
- Provide direct and individualized nursing care to patients based on the application of scientific nursing principles.
- Collects current symptoms, as well as a detailed patient history and then consults and coordinates with health care team members to assess, plan, implement and evaluate patient care plans.
- Manages basic life support needs and stabilizes based upon nursing standards and protocol
- Starting peripheral intravenous lines.
- Maintenance and care of Central or Peripheral Lines including Assessing line site and patency regularly, keeping infection control and prevention as a priority
- Administering medications including chemotherapy and fluid therapy.
- Safely monitor patients throughout infusion therapy.
- Reports adverse reactions to medications or treatments in accordance with the policy regarding the administration of medications.
- Monitor the patient’s response to treatment throughout therapy
- Educate patients and significant others on possible side effects/ adverse effects of therapy, and signs and symptoms of infection to report
- Displays professionalism while completing multiple urgent tasks in a timely manner
- Records all care information concisely, accurately and completely, in a timely manner, in the appropriate format and on the appropriate forms