Breast cancer surgery is one of the major treatments/procedures to treat breast cancer. This surgical procedure involves the elimination of cancer cells with an operation. Breast cancer surgery can be used alone or combined with other treatments like hormone therapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and targeted therapy.
This treatment option is suggested to people with a higher risk of breast cancer so that the risk is reduced. Breast cancer surgery includes various procedures, like:
The type of breast cancer surgery that works best for you depends on the stage of cancer, size of cancer and your preferences. Before going for breast cancer surgery, you need to take some time and learn about symptoms of breast cancer and various procedures recommended by your doctor.
Breast cancer surgery to remove only the cancer-targeted area is called lumpectomy. Specialists also call this treatment breast-conserving surgery.
In this operation, the surgeon will remove cancer cells while bordering healthy tissues around it. They only leave healthy tissues behind. After this surgery, the patient has to undergo radiotherapy for some time to ensure cancer is removed.
The breast cancer surgery to remove your complete breast is called mastectomy. In this procedure, the surgeon removes the entire breast tissue, including nipple and skin and the tissues covering the chest muscles.
If the cancer cells have spread to the nearby lymph nodes in the breast, this cancer surgery is required immediately. The lymph nodes are used to filter damaged cells and bacteria from the lymphatic fluid. They also include cells to fight against infection.
A team of best cancer doctor in India will check the lymph nodes for cancer cells during or before the operation. If cancer cells are present, the surgeon will remove all of the nodes near the breast. It might even require a second operation to remove cancerous lymph nodes.
There are two main types of surgery for removing lymph nodes:
After a mastectomy operation, patients may want their breasts again. This is only possible with breast reconstruction surgery. This means the surgeon will create a new breast structure with this operation.
In specific breast reconstruction surgeries, a patient may want to undergo fat grafting at the affected breast area to correct the dimple-like depressions that are left after surgery. This option, however, depends only on each woman’s specific condition.
There are various types of breast reconstructive surgery but the options depend on your individual preferences and medical condition. Depending on the medical condition, you may choose immediate reconstruction that’s done at the same time as the breast cancer surgery or choose delayed reconstruction that’s done later. The delayed reconstruction is done only after you’re fully recovered from breast cancer surgery.
If you want to get reconstructive surgery done, it is best to consult the best breast surgeon and plastic surgeon before mastectomy. This will give you a clear idea about the total surgical time needed for complete cure. You may even have to wait for reconstructive surgery for some time. But trust the treatment procedure and your health team.
Breast cancer surgery is done to arrest the spread of cancerous cells to the spinal cord and even vital organs like the brain.
It is also suggested by an oncologist to a patient if the tumour present in her breast has grown significantly thus leading to an open wound in the breast. If surgery is not performed right away, the wound could get infected and lead to blood poisoning or septic shock.
Well, the reason is similar to other cancer types. A single cell or a group of cells, due to a gene mutation, start multiplying incessantly and refuses to die thus leading to the formation of a single or multiple lumps (tumours).
The point of origin typically is the milk-producing ducts in the breast. It can also take place in any part of the breast tissue.
Well, the causes of breast cancer could be anywhere between hormonal, environmental and even lifestyle based. Furthermore, doctors believe that around ten per cent of breast cancer cases arise in women who have inherited certain mutated genes from their parents or their family tree.
Researchers have also pinpointed the fact that being obese could also increase the chances of a woman getting diagnosed with breast cancer.
You have to prepare your mind for all the procedures that you need to undergo before, during and after the treatment. While the before and during the surgery process is more of a learning phase and know about the treatment modes. The aftercare is more challenging, as you have to deal with it mentally and physically.
Also Read: MOVING FROM A MULTILATING SURGERY TO BREAST RECONSTRUCTION IN ADVANCED BREAST CANCER : A SHIFT TO APPROACH