Thyroid and parathyroid gland cancer

Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer

The thyroid is a small gland located in the front of the neck. It has two lobes and is shaped like a butterfly. As part of the endocrine system, this gland makes hormones that affect us from head to toe including our heart rate, temperature, mental function, and metabolism.

Most common symptoms:

Types of Thyroid Cancer

Broadly Thyroid Cancers can be classified as

Causes and Risk Factors of Thyroid Cancer

Preexisting Thyroid Enlargement( Goitre).Family History Of Thyroid Diseases,Thyroiditis

Genetic Mutations(Men Syndromes)

Low Iodine Intake


Previous Radiation Exposure

Previous Radioactive Fallouts From Nuclear Reactors Or Power Plants

Screening and Diagnosis of Thyroid Cancer

There Is No Standard Screening Test For Thyroid Cancer. Routine Physical Examination During General Ent Examination May Reveal Thyroid Nodule. If There Is History Of Men Syndrome Or Medullary Cancer Thyroid Or Pheochromocytoma In Family, Doctor Must Ask For Genetic Tests. Prophylactic Surgery Even Before The Age Of 5 Years For Thyroid Cancer (Mtc Only) May Be Curative.

How do we Diagnose?

To find the cause of symptoms, a surgical oncologist evaluates a person’s medical history, performs a physical examination, and orders diagnostic tests. The examination and tests conducted may vary depending on the symptoms. Examination of a sample of tissue under the microscope is always necessary to confirm a diagnosis of cancer.

Treatment of Thyroid Cancer

Surgeries (Open or Robotic) offered

DO’s after Surgery

DON'Ts after Surgery

Clinical Trials of Thyroid Cancer

Tumor Board/ Multispecialty Clinic Evaluation

Each and every Head & Neck cancer patient is evaluated by a special team of Surgical Oncologists (Head & Neck unit), Onco-pathologists, and Imaging Specialists. Depending on the age, general condition, type of pathology, and stage of the disease, a custom-made treatment plan is charted out for each and every patient as per International Treatment Guidelines. (NCCN – National Comprehensive Cancer Network)

When to contact the treating team?

Patient & Family

Opportunity to Help


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Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre is today counted amongst Asia’s premier exclusive cancer centres that offer unique advantage of cutting edge technology, put to use by renowned super specialists. This potent combination of man and machine ensures world-class cancer care to not only patients from India, but also from the neighboring SAARC countries and others.

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OPD Timings: 09:00 am to 05:00 pm (All Weekdays except Sunday and Holiday)
Emergency Services: 24x7 All Weekdays

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