The Department of Orthopedic Oncology at Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute & Research Centre, exclusive cancer centre with NABH and NABL accreditations and ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 certifications in Delhi NCR, India has the right combination of technology and workforce to ensure world-class bone and soft tissue tumor treatments to domestic and offshore patients. Adopting a multi-modality approach for your bone tumor treatment, we put together a multispecialty team for complete cancer care. A typical bone tumor management team will include orthopedic oncologists, radiologists, pathologists, medical oncologists, reconstructive surgeons, surgical and radiation oncologists, counsellors, nurses and physiotherapists. As each aspect is catered to with professionalism and compassion, better patient outcomes are always anticipated.
We are well-equipped to manage all types of Orthopedic Oncological conditions. Whether you are suffering from Primary Bone Cancers like Sarcomas or Metastatic Bone Disease, we can take care of it all. We are also positioned to deliver treatments for several other bone malignancies, such as Myeloma and Lymphoma, along with Soft Tissue Sarcomas and Spine tumors. Benign tumors like Giant Cell Tumors, Aneurysmal Bone Cyst and Chondroblastoma are also managed. Besides bone cancer treatment, we can also support non-oncological orthopedic needs of patients hospitalized for other medical conditions.
We have the technology and skills to carry out super specialized surgical procedures for bone tumor treatment. We put our best foot forward to conduct limb salvage surgery with endoprosthetic replacement, vascularised bone autografts and extracorporeal radiotherapy. Our limb salvage surgery portfolio also includes re-implantation of tumor bone and total femur and total humerus replacement. We also perform specialized soft tissue sarcomas, internal hemipelvectomy, en bloc resections of primary spinal tumors and extended curettage of benign aggressive bone tumors.
Though the nature and scope of surgeries differ vastly, we conduct each with a common objective – to get rid of the malignant tumor while keeping the limb in the best possible shape. Our bone cancer treatment relies on the evidence-based principles supplemented by technology, research and personalized care. As a part of bone tumor management, we also provide counselling services to aid the recovery process. A dedicated desk is also available for overseas patients reaching out to us for advanced cancer care. The desk is well-equipped to facilitate trouble-free, fast registration and consultation. The foreign patients will be provided information on visa duration through an International Patient Coordinator only upon ascertaining the exact medical requirements.
What is Bone Cancer?
Bone malignancies start when cells lose their ability to self destruct. The cells then multiply abnormally leading to a cell build up, which is known as tumour. If the tumour is malignant, it develops in four stages, each characterized by its growth and spread. Why cells lose their innate ability to die down naturally is yet to be determined but some risk factors are known, such as:
Types of Bone Cancer:
Following are the different types of bone cancer:
Causes of Bone Cancer:
The exact causes of bone cancer are not known. However, bone cancer is also associated with hereditary factors, whereas others are related to radiation exposure. In bone cancer, cells begin to grow rapidly and while growing, the healthy cells die; whereas the abnormal cells begin accumulating in a specific body part leading to a tumour. The formed tumour can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
Signs and Symptoms of Bone Cancer
Bone cancer develops when abnormal tissue or a tumour begins to form in a bone due to anomalous and uncontrolled cell reproduction. A tumour can be benign or malignant depending on certain factors. Benign tumours are localised while the malignant cells may spread to distant body organs, leading to their systematic malfunction and failure. However, cancer originating from bones is not a common sight, accounting for just 1 percent of all cancers. In fact, the cases of benign bone tumours outnumber cancerous bone tumours.
Signs and symptoms of bone cancer are difficult to detect because they coincide with many non-cancerous, general conditions like arthritis, osteoporosis or injury. The signs often differ from individual to individual, depending on the type and location of the tumour. Here are some common and rare signs and symptoms of bone malignancies that should be presented early. In doing so, the chances of symptom relief and safe and complete recovery increase manifolds.
The prominent Systemic Symptoms may include, but not limited to:
Screening and Diagnosis of Bone Cancer
Doctor may recommend one or more imaging tests to evaluate the area of concern which include radiographs, MRI and/or CT scan.
Accurate diagnosis is the key in the management of bone cancers. Doctor may recommend a procedure to remove a sample of tissue (biopsy) from the tumour for laboratory testing. It is recommended that biopsy should be performed by the same surgeon who is going to do the final tumour surgery. A wrong biopsy may cause cancer to spread.
Once diagnosis of a cancer is confirmed, your doctor will ask for some further investigations to rule out the spread of disease which can include a bone scan, PET scan, CT scan of chest etc.
Treatment of Bone Cancer
Risk Factors of Bone Cancer
While the causes of bone cancer are unknown, doctors have determined the given risk factors that increase the chances of cancer:
Patient & Family
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